French bayonet charge German infantry on the battlefield, 7 August At the outbreak of the First World War, the German Army, with seven field armies in the west and one in the east, executed a modified version of the Schlieffen Planmoving quickly through neutral Belgium to attack France, and then turning southwards to encircle the French Army and trap it on the German border. Luxembourg had been occupied without opposition on 2 August.
American who invented barbed wire for agricultural purposes. The machine gun became known in the First World War as "the queen of battle.
Gatling Gun American multi-barrelled 2. Maxim Gun single-barrelled, water-cooled 4. Browning Machine gun single-barrelled, air-cooled Although the Gatling Gun was been developed and demonstrated during the Civil War, it saw very little use on the battlefield.
Consequently, the first machine gun to see real battlefield use was the mitrailleuse in the Franco-Prussian War. However, the French wasted its effect by errors in its deployment. The first war in which both sides were equipped with relatively large numbers of machine guns was the Russo-Japanese warfought primarily in Manchuria.
Here, too the war had been largely stalemated in the trenches. Replaced the Doctrine of the Attack. As a result, the artillery barrage grew increasingly formidible, in both time and numbers of shells expended. Major trench battles of World War I: Second Ypres - first use of poison gas 2.
Verdun - history's longest battle 3. The Somme - the bloodiest single day in conventional warfare 4. Nivelle Offensive - the 'last straw' for the French army which then mutinied 5.
French military mutiny of Technological changes of 19th century which favored defensive over the offensive in warfare and led to the stalemate: Ended with smokeless powder, giving one more advantage--unencumbered vision--to defenders armed with accurate and repeating weapons.
Gravelotte Franco-Prussian War 3. Plevna Russo-Turkish War 4. The Somme General Erich von Falkenhayn: German commander in when these battles were fought. Realizing that Germany and her allies suffered a disadvantage in terms of total manpower, he decided on a type of battle where he could inflict more casualties on his enemy than his army would suffer.
Given a 'favorable' kill ratio, he would eventually bleed his enemy to death; in which case, even a terrible German casualty list would be acceptable in military terms. The result was the battle of Verdun, which actually ended up as a bloodbath on either side. Battle fought primarily by French troops near one of the great French forts in eastern France.
Since the battle lasted from Febr. Could apply to any of the great battles of attrition. They shall not pass! It was the first case of motor vehicles playing a decisive role in warfare. Reasons the Germans broke off the battle: Hardening French resistance 2.The Western Front was the main theatre of war during the First World War.
Following the outbreak of war in August , the German Army opened the Western Front by invading Luxembourg and Belgium, then gaining military control of important industrial regions in France.
In an attempt to break the stalemate on the Western Front and relieve the pressure on the French at Verdun, Haig ordered the Somme offensive, which began on 1 July World War I lasted for fifty-one months, from 1 August to 11 November , and was fought on four fronts in Europe: the Western Front, considered from the outset to be the decisive front.
View Notes - Modern WW1 Revision (Min) from HSR 08 at Ramapo College Of New Jersey. World War One 1.
War on the western front Reasons for the stalemate on the western front . The stalemate along the Western Front during World War I, known previously (i.e., before anyone appreciated that there would be a second world war a couple of decades down the road) as the Great.
Attempts to break the stalemate on the Western Front Major Offensives: • After the failure of their initial strike in such offensives failed to achieve a significant breakthough. ‘leapfrogging’ and infiltration were employed to attempt to break the stalemate.