Full Answer Other sources of secondary data are structured interviews, transcripts from focus groups, published texts, literature reviews and observation records. Records written and kept by individuals such as diaries and journals and accessed by other people are also regarded as secondary sources.
Low Advantages of secondary research Whatever type of research you are conducting, always be aware of its strengths and limitations.
If you look at the table above, you should already be able to discern some advantages of secondary research. One of the most obvious advantages is that, compared to primary research, secondary research is inexpensive. Primary research usually requires spending a lot of money.
For instance, members of the research team should be paid salaries.
There are often travel and transportation costs. You may need to pay for office space and equipment, and compensate your participants for taking part. There may be other overhead costs too. These costs do not exist when doing secondary research.
Although researchers may need to purchase secondary data sets, this is always less costly than if the research were to be Secondary research methodology example from scratch. As an undergraduate or graduate student, your dissertation project won't need to be an expensive endeavour.
Thus, it is useful to know that you can further reduce costs, by using freely available secondary data sets. But this is far from the only consideration.
Most students value another important advantage of secondary research, which is that secondary research saves you time.
Primary research usually requires months spent recruiting participants, providing them with questionnaires, interviews, or other measures, cleaning the data set, and analysing the results.
With secondary research, you can skip most of these daunting tasks; instead, you merely need to select, prepare, and analyse an existing data set.
In the past, students needed to go to libraries and spend hours trying to find a suitable data set. New technologies make this process much less time-consuming. In most cases, you can find your secondary data through online search engines or by contacting previous researchers via email.
A third important advantage of secondary research is that you can base your project on a large scope of data. If you wanted to obtain a large data set yourself, you would need to dedicate an immense amount of effort.
What's more, if you were doing primary research, you would never be able to use longitudinal data in your graduate or undergraduate project, since it would take you years to complete.
This is because longitudinal data involves assessing and re-assessing a group of participants over long periods of time. When using secondary data, however, you have an opportunity to work with immensely large data sets that somebody else has already collected. Thus, you can also deal with longitudinal data, which may allow you to explore trends and changes of phenomena over time.
With secondary research, you are relying not only on a large scope of data, but also on professionally collected data. This is yet another advantage of secondary research. For instance, data that you will use for your secondary research project has been collected by researchers who are likely to have had years of experience in recruiting representative participant samples, designing studies, and using specific measurement tools.
If you had collected this data yourself, your own data set would probably have more flaws, simply because of your lower level of expertise when compared to these professional researchers. Disadvantages of secondary research By now you may have concluded that using secondary data is a perfect option for your graduate or undergraduate dissertation.
The first such disadvantage is that your secondary data may be, to a greater or lesser extent, inappropriate for your own research purposes.
This is simply because you have not collected the data yourself. When you collect your data personally, you do so with a specific research question in mind.
This makes it easy to obtain the relevant information.Research methods are split broadly into quantitative and qualitative methods. Which you choose will depend on your research questions, your underlying philosophy of research, and your preferences and skills. Our pages Introduction to Research Methods and Designing Research set out some of .
Secondary research is defined as an analysis and interpretation of primary research. The method of writing secondary research is to collect primary research that is relevant to a writing topic and.
Primary research gives you a lot of specific results. For example, a focus group would be asked specific questions (that you help design) so the information is very targeted to your needs. It will involve primary data, secondary data, quantitative and qualitative research methods, lit reviews, theory and policy studies and an exploration of alternatives.
My dissertation is to be based around the experience of 'poverty', as poverty is the experience. research methodology series An Introduction to Secondary Data Analysis Natalie Koziol, MA CYFS Statistics and Measurement Consultant Ann Arthur, MS.
The principal methodology in health secondary research is the systematic review, commonly using meta-analytic statistical techniques, but other methods of synthesis, like realist reviews and meta-narrative reviews, have been developed in recent years.
Such secondary research uses the primary research of others typically in the form of research.