Schizophrenia is a long-term mental health condition that causes a range of different psychological symptoms which is caused by a mixture of genetic and environmental factors such as changes in the brain chemicals and stressful life experiences such as: Antipsychotic drug regimens for schizophrenia are used in order to limit the frequency and severity of relapses, maximise the beneficial effects of treatment for persistent symptoms and enhance adherence to recommend regimens. Also psychosocial interventions are required in order to manage the disability that results from negative symptoms and cognitive dysfunction Barry, S. Gaughan, T and Hunter, R.
Residual Schizophrenia Paranoid Schizophrenia People suffering from paranoid Schizophrenia are preoccupied with delusions about being punished or persecuted by other people. However, their thinking pattern, emotions and speech remains normal.
Disorganized Schizophrenia Sufferer of this type are usually confused and illogical, their speech is cluttered. Their behavior is disorganized, emotionless, and inappropriate leading to limited ability to do normal daily activities like eating or taking a shower.
Catatonic Schizophrenia People suffering from this type of Schizophrenia have limited physical response. They normally become unresponsive and immobile due to their unwillingness to move resulting to increased risks of exhaustion, malnutrition and even self inflicted injuries.
Residual Schizophrenia This type of schizophrenia characterized by decreased severity of symptoms of schizophrenia; delusion, hallucinations and other symptoms may be presents but are far less than when they were diagnosed originally. Signs and Symptoms of Schizophrenia People suffering from schizophrenia display different personality at different times with symptoms being severe and sudden at the start of the illness.
Symptoms of schizophrenia can be classified into three categories namely; Positive Symptoms Negative symptoms Positive Symptoms Positive symptoms are characterized by behaviors which are easily spotted. They include delusions, thought disorders, hallucinations and movement disorders.
Delusions are weird beliefs which are not based on reality, worse still; a person refuses to give up the beliefs even when they are presented with realistic information. Hallucination involves perception of feelings that are not real.
This will include hearing voices that are not heard by other people or smelling strange odors. Disorganized Symptoms These symptoms are characterized by the inability of a person to think and respond in an appropriate way.
Some of the symptoms include inability to make decisions, losing or forgetting things, use of nonsense words or sentences that have no logic, slow movements, shifting from one thought to the other quickly and repeated gestures and movements.
Negative symptoms Negative symptoms reflect loss of ability to express emotions, speak and plans initiation. Some of the negative symptoms includes; withdraw from relatives and friends, loss of interest in life, poor hygiene, swing moods and reduced energy.
Causes of Schizophrenia Schizophrenia is an illness like diabetes or cancer with a biological root although the real cause is not yet known. There are a number of factors that contributes to the development of schizophrenia in a person.
This includes; heredity or genetics, abnormality in brain, environment, brain chemistry. Heredity There is a high possibility of children developing schizophrenia passed from parents as the illness tends to run in a family.
Abnormality in Brain Abnormal brain structure is another factor contributing to development of schizophrenia in a person. Environment Schizophrenia is likely to occur when a person body is undergoing physical and hormonal change especially when these changes occur under stressful situations or poor social relations.
Brain Chemistry Lack of chemical balance in the brain is another factor that contributes to the development of schizophrenia.
Example is dopamine chemical which act as neurotransmitter that helps in sending of messages between nerve cells. In the case, the brain produce may produce dopamine in limited or excess quantity causing an imbalance which affects the way the brain reacts and responds to stimuli such as smells, lights and sounds.
Epidemiology Schizophrenia is a common illness affecting people of all cultures and races across the globe. The disease manifests itself in late teenage and early 20s although it can occur at any age. The effect of schizophrenia on men equals that of women although symptoms appear in men in early 20s while in women the symptoms appear in late 20s.
Diagnosis of Schizophrenia Currently, there are no specific laboratory tests for diagnosing schizophrenia. When a person exhibit signs of Schizophrenia, doctors perform various procedures like blood test and X-rays aimed at ruling out any other illness that might cause the same symptoms.
If no illness is found after the tests, the patient is referred to psychologist or psychiatrist who uses various techniques to assess if the person has psychotic disorders.Schizophrenia is a psychological disorder, which affects the ability of the individual to express oneself intelligibly, show positive emotions, build close contacts, and make plans for the future.
Social class plays a major role in mental health as people from lower social class are more likely to be diagnosed with mental health problems such as: anxiety states, depression, anti-social personality disorder and schizophrenia than the middle or higher social class.
Schizophrenia 2 Schizophrenia is a mental disorder affecting an estimated one half to one percent of the global population. Contradictory to popular belief, schizophrenia does not deal with multiple personalities. Rather, the disorder can cause hallucinations, paranoia or .
Two mental disorders that deal with the shifting of a human's personality and character are schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. Schizophrenia is a mental illness that is characterized by the persistent defects in the perception of one's reality, but the disorder mainly affects cognition.
Schizophrenia Essay Examples. total results. An Essay on Decreasing Brain Matter in Schizophrenia. 1, words. 3 pages. A Study of the Controversial Mental Disorder, Schizophrenia.
1, words. 3 pages. A View on the Murder Cases and . Some of the disorders and diseases to be covered in this report are delirium, dementia, and schizophrenia, also a discussion of specific symptoms and treatments available for the different disorders.
A mental illness is defined as any disease that affects a .