This page provides you with an overview of APA format. Included is information about referencing, various citation formats with examples for each source type, and other helpful information.
When printing this page, you must include the entire legal notice. This material may not be published, reproduced, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed without permission. Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our terms and conditions of fair use.
APA American Psychological Association style is most commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences. For more information, please consult the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th ed. To see a side-by-side comparison of the three most widely used citation styles, including a chart of all APA citation guidelines, see the Citation Style Chart.
You should use a clear font that is highly readable.
APA recommends using 12 pt. Times New Roman font. Include a page header also known as the "running head" at the top of every page. Major Paper Sections Your essay should include four major sections: Include the page header described above flush left with the page number flush right at the top of the page.
Type your title in upper and lowercase letters centered in the upper half of the page.
APA recommends that your title be no more than 12 words in length and that it should not contain abbreviations or words that serve no purpose. Your title may take up one or two lines. All text on the title page, and throughout your paper, should be double-spaced.
Do not use titles Dr. Your abstract page should already include the page header described above. Beginning with the next line, write a concise summary of the key points of your research.
Your abstract should contain at least your research topic, research questions, participants, methods, results, data analysis, and conclusions. You may also include possible implications of your research and future work you see connected with your findings.
Your abstract should be a single paragraph, double-spaced. Your abstract should be between and words.
You may also want to list keywords from your paper in your abstract. To do this, indent as you would if you were starting a new paragraph, type Keywords: Listing your keywords will help researchers find your work in databases.
However, select pages, like the Citation Style Chartstill include this information. Purdue Online Writing Lab.APA citation basics When using APA format, follow the author-date method of in-text citation.
This means that the author's last name and the year of publication for the source should appear in the text, for example, (Jones, ), and a complete reference should . Citation Guide. Our citation guide will assist you in MLA, APA, and Chicago style formatting. Even though Workscited4u automatically formats bibliographies, it's still important for students and researchers to learn how to cite sources manually.
Summary: APA (American Psychological Association) style is most commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences. This resource, revised according to the 6 th edition, second printing of the APA manual, offers examples for the general format of APA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the reference page.
. The APA Format.
The APA citation style was developed by the American Psychological Association, and it is the standardized method for formatting APA citations in the reference page in the field of social sciences, particularly in psychology, criminology, education, business, and the nursing profession.
Please use the example at the bottom of this page to cite the Purdue OWL in APA. To see a side-by-side comparison of the three most widely used citation styles, including a chart of all APA citation guidelines, see the Citation Style Chart..
You can also watch our APA vidcast series on the Purdue OWL YouTube Channel.. General APA Guidelines. This tutorial is designed for those who have no previous knowledge of APA Style ®.It shows users how to structure and format their work, recommends ways to reduce bias in language, identifies how to avoid charges of plagiarism, shows how to cite references in text, and provides selected reference examples.