Beneficence and Nonmaleficence Psychologists strive to benefit those with whom they work and take care to do no harm.
If you work as a counselor, ethical dilemmas are inevitable. Your client may reveal she once committed a felony or that her spouse abuses her, and you have to decide whether to report this.
The client may make a decision you strongly disapprove of, leaving you torn on whether to support her or not. The various ethical codes for branches of the counseling professions give you guidance on the tough calls.
Confidentiality Confidentiality is an important ethical principle in counseling: You can't help a client effectively unless she knows you won't betray her secrets.
When you hear things you don't think you should keep secret — your client intends to commit suicide, for instance — the ethical code guides you in how to respond. The American Counseling Association's code used to waive confidentiality in the case of "clear and imminent danger" to someone.
Init revised the standard to say ACA members can breach confidentiality to prevent "serious and foreseeable harm.
You may find you both move in the same social circle, or you might discover a mutual attraction.
Because your patient is in a vulnerable position, that raises the possibility of exploiting your power, for example, taking advantage of a patient sexually.
Your code of ethics gives you a standard to judge your off-duty relationships, such as that you shouldn't become romantically or sexually involved with a client until long after your counseling role has ended.
Autonomy Autonomy is a basic moral principle in counseling. People are entitled to make their own decisions and act on them, and counselors shouldn't try to take that away.
In specific cases, you may have to balance respect for individual choice with other factors, as when your client isn't capable of rational decisions, or her decisions could cause serious problems for herself or others. Your professional code can help you decide when to stand back, when to intervene and when to explain the consequences of your client's actions but let her make the final decision.
Professionalism Having an ethical code also guides you as a career professional interacting with clients. The ACA states that before any individual agrees to become your client, she should be able to learn exactly what services, techniques and counseling procedures you employ and what sort of payment arrangements you expect.
She should also understand the limits of your confidentiality policy. Following a code of ethics means acting honestly as a business person, as well as a counselor.law protects the confidentiality, of minors in receiving alcohol and drug treatment (Sealander et al., ).
In addition, some states have enacted legislation that extends confidentiality for minors in situations involving birth. Confidentiality is a respected part of psychology's code of ethics. Psychologists understand that for people to feel comfortable talking about private and revealing information, they need a safe place to talk about anything they'd like, without fear of that information leaving the room.
Ethical & Legal Issues pg.2 In what capacity (e.g., licensed professional counselor, marriage and family therapist, certified school counselor) is the professional operating? ACA Code of Ethics The most recent edition of the ACA Code of Ethics was published in The Code addresses the responsibilities of professional counselors toward their clients.
This section includes relevant background text, definitions and examples, policy statements, a video debate, and expert commentary. It should be read by those looking for both a fundamental and thorough understanding of privacy and confidentiality issues.
The American Counseling Association Center for Policy, Practice, and Research is responsible for providing access to, and interpretation of, the American Counseling Association Code of vetconnexx.com web page offers ACA members and members of the public with the necessary tools to ensure compliance with the ethical standards of the counseling profession.
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