The videos contain additional information about magick. I am inviting you to come back for additional video presentations A Gigantic Step into the Future!!! Wilhelm Reich and Franz Anton Mesmer years before Reich invented the orgone accumulator, which is a device that accumulated life force from its surroundings.
Emotion Emotion is one type of affect, other types being mood, temperament and sensation for example, pain. Emotions can be understood as either states or as processes.
When understood as a state like being angry or afraidan emotion is a type of mental state that interacts with other mental states and causes certain behaviors. Understood as a process, it is useful to divide emotion into two parts. The early part of the emotion process is the interval between the perception of the stimulus and the triggering of the bodily response.
The later part of the emotion process is a bodily response, for example, changes in heart rate, skin conductance, and facial expression. This description is sufficient to begin an analysis of the emotions, although it does leave out some aspects of the process such as the subjective awareness of the emotion and behavior that is often part of the emotion response for example, fighting, running away, hugging another person.
The early part of the process is typically taken to include an evaluation of the stimulus, which means that the occurrence of an emotion depends on how the individual understands or "sees" the stimulus. For example, one person may respond to being laid-off from a job with anger, while another person responds with joy—it depends on how the individual evaluates this event.
Having this evaluative component in the process means that an emotion is not a simple and direct response to a stimulus. In this way, emotions differ from reflexes such as the startle response or the eye-blink response, which are direct responses to certain kinds of stimuli.
The following are some of the features that distinguish emotion from moods. An emotion is a response to a specific stimulus that can be internal, like a belief or a memory. It is also generally agreed that emotions have intentional content, which is to say that they are about something, often the stimulus itself.
Moods, on the other hand, are typically not about anything, and at least some of the time do not appear to be caused by a specific stimulus. Emotions also have a relatively brief duration—on the order of seconds or minutes—whereas moods last much longer.
Most theories agree about these features of the emotions. Other features will be discussed in the course of this article. There is much less agreement, however, about most of these other features that the emotions may or may not have. Evolutionary Theories The evolutionary approach focuses on the historical setting in which emotions developed.
Typically, the goal is to explain why emotions are present in humans today by referring to natural selection that occurred some time in the past.
It will help to begin by clarifying some terminology. Evolution is simply "change over generational time" Brandon,p. Change to a trait can occur because of natural selection, chance, genetic drift, or because the trait is genetically linked with some other trait.
A trait is an adaptation if it is produced by natural selection. And a trait is the result of natural selection only when "its prevalence is due to the fact that it conferred a greater fitness" Richardson,p.
However, a trait can enhance fitness without being an adaptation. One example, noted by Darwin in The Origin of Species, is the skull sutures in newborns: The sutures in the skulls of young mammals have been advanced as a beautiful adaptation for aiding parturition [that is, live birth], and no doubt they facilitate, or may be indispensable for this act; but as sutures occur in the skulls of young birds and reptiles, which have only to escape from a broken egg, we may infer that this structure has arisen from the laws of growth, and has been taken advantage of in the parturition of the higher animals p.A Gigantic Step into the Future!!!
Wilhelm Reich and Franz Anton Mesmer years before Reich invented accumulators of life force, i.e., devices that accumulated life force from their surroundings.
Rationalism vs. Empiricism - Rationalism and empiricism were two philosophical schools in the 17th and 18th centuries, that were expressing opposite views on some subjects, including knowledge. Instrumentalism: Instrumentalism, in the philosophy of science, the view that the value of scientific concepts and theories is determined not by whether they are literally true or correspond to reality in some sense but by the extent to which they help to make accurate empirical predictions or to .
Hellenistic Culture: Philosophy, Literature and Art. Hellenistic philosophy went through a peculiar evolution—or retrogression, it might almost be better to say.
The distinction between the two types of aesthetic judgment can be further clarified with the help of the theory of the dual nature of technological objects that has been developed by the philosophers of technology, Peter Kroes and Anthonie Meijers.
They have shown that technological objects can be described in two ways. Examples of aesthetic theories of art include imitationalism, formalism, emotionalism and instrumentalism.
These four theories are commonly used to set the criteria that is used to evaluate a work of art. Imitationalism is applied when art looks realistic. The goal of imitationalism is to make a.