Discrimination[ edit ] Children with a parent who was part of an occupying force, or whose parent s collaborated with enemy forces, are innocent of any war crimes committed by parents. Yet these children have often been condemned by descent from the enemy and discriminated against in their society. They also suffer from association with a parent whose war crimes are prosecuted in the postwar years. As such children grew to adolescence and adulthood, many harbored feelings of guilt and shame.
In the wars of the 18th, 19th and early 20th centuries, only about half the victims were civilians.
In the later decades of this century the proportion of civilian victims has been rising steadily: Aerial bombardment has extended the potential battle zone to entire national territories.
World War II saw a massive increase in indiscriminate killings, with the bombings of Coventry and Dresden, for example, and the atomic bombs that were dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. And this pattern was repeated in the Viet Nam war, which is estimated to have cost 2.
A further cause of the rising death toll for civilians is that most contemporary conflicts are not between States, but within them. They are as likely to be fought in villages and suburban streets as anywhere else. In this case, the enemy camp is all around, and distinctions between combatant and non-combatant melt away in the suspicions and confusions of daily strife.
Inthe UN Department of Humanitarian Affairs reported that 13 countries had ongoing "complex emergencies" of this type, and it classified over 20 million people as "vulnerable"; it also listed 16 other countries with potential emergencies. This is because many contemporary struggles are between different ethnic groups in the same country or in former States.
When ethnic loyalties prevail, a perilous logic clicks in. The escalation from ethnic superiority to ethnic cleansing to genocide, as we have seen, can become an irresistible process.
As one political commentator ex-pressed it in a radio broadcast before violence erupted in Rwanda, "To kill the big rats, you have to kill the little rats. To say they are complex is true enough, but this would cover most forms of human activity.
It also obscures the fact that these are fundamentally political disputes.Children in war Child Victims of Armed Conflicts During the last 10 years, around 10 million children are estimated to have been killed as a result of war.
The situations resulting from armed conflicts affect primarily children because of their vulnerability, and do so in many different ways. Children and war: Risk, resilience, and recovery - Volume 24 Issue 2 - Emmy E.
Werner. Children's response to war can be seen through the prism of their reaction to danger and trauma.
Danger refers to the possibility of moral, physical or psychological harm. Go to top of page] - [Previous Page]. Children and war By Nick Danziger: Although international humanitarian and human rights law provide special protection to children, too many of .
The impact of war on children. War affects children in all the ways it affects adults, but also in different ways. First, children are dependent on the care, empathy, and attention of adults who love them.