They are both industrialised states, they were both settled by the British, and they both have multiethnic societies. However, the two states have immensely different in-migration Torahs. In America, we will allow about anyone move here and work. An American immigrant can be from about any state, race, or faith.
Summary The reading from the above source has 2 different chapters which include cultural vitality and cultural shock. The majority of chapter 4 is interpreting the potential rules and regulations inside the Aboriginal community structure.
This argument was based on the connection between family and community while the family has to make a decision maybe have negative influence on their family members.
Such activities were identified as cultural vitality. Major components of cultural vitality in Aboriginal community include: Chapter 5 is defining the cultural shock and relevant processes and implications.
The appearance of cultural shocks was caused by the differences between the national culture and its subcultures. The major types of shocks were classified into four degrees which are discomfort, confusion, uncertainty and distress.
Furthermore, there are five different phases of emotional and psychosocial adjustments and adoptions can be used to interpret signs and symptoms of cultural shocks. This chapter well explained Australian bicameralism essay connection among the stressors and cross-cultural communities.
Aboriginal people were used to afraid of unknown. The purpose of these two chapters is defining the cultural vitality and cultural shock through several critical issues. They shared same issues which is the various terms of confliction in multicultural communication.
The critical issues had been identified by author not only physical and mental factors but also potential regulations among Aboriginal community. Furthermore, author indicated the various adjustments and stressors to realise the signs and symptoms of cultural shocks.
The cause of cultural shocks had been initiated by trust issues, cross-cultural barriers and potential tolerances boundaries. The purpose of the second chapter can be concluded as ways of resolving confliction while communicating with people with different cultural background.
In this case, professional health care provider can improve their service quality by enhance the partnership while cross-cultural relationship is the key to success.
Additionally, author examined the lifecycle of prejudice and find out an easy way to reduce cultural shock by simply add an Aboriginal colleague in the professional workforce.
Summary There are three major topics in chapter 2 which include: In general, transcultural nursing represent culturally congruent, sensitive and competent nursing care to people from various cultures.
The purpose of adopting this model was developing cultural competence through multiple stages under a development cycle. This model started with cultural awareness, knowledge, sensitivity, and continuously refine the capacity in competence. In this case, the most critical ability in this model is recognizing and challenging racism and other forms of discrimination and oppressive practice.
This chapter identified three major models for developing cultural competence in the best practice of health and social care.
Bicameralism is to have two houses of parliament, in Australian state and federal these are the upper house – Senate – and lower house – House of Representatives. These are similar to the English House of Lords (Upper House) and House of Commons (Lower House). Australian Bicameralism Essay Research Paper Australian BicameralismBicameralism ; Social Welfare Essay Research Paper httpSocial Welfare ; Drugs Education Government Profit Strategy. Share this: Previous. Mao Zedong and the Education(TM)s changes in the People's Republic of China. Next. Australian Bicameralism Essay, Research Paper Australian Bicameralism. Bicameralism in Australia has a long history dating back to the pre-Federation colonial parliaments. These structures, in turn, evolved from their British forbear, the parliament at Westminster.
The most impressive task in this chapter is author examined the arguments through a simple figure to help audience to understand the potential connections among four stages. The chapter not only focused on Aboriginal culture but also other subcultures in Australia.
Author recommended the cultural based concepts to audience so they can always adopt the suitable models in their nursing practice and realise the important issues in mind to improve the culture-generic competencies.
Chapter 18 defined a worldwide phenomenon: The appearance of this phenomenon implies the traditional ideologies are no longer efficient in dealing with health and social care in a frequently changing world. In this case, there will be various question need to be answered by healthcare provider such as opportunities, implications, and barriers.
The complexity of dealing with health and social care can be examined through Australian diversity and population trends and related policies. Since World War II, there are several waves of immigration and the nursing education and practice was the substantial gap between the policy and practice.
In order to improve the nursing practice, the most important issues were achieving cost-effectiveness and transcultural nursing competencies.
This chapter started with defining a worldwide phenomenon to bring up the major issues in facing the transcultural nursing competencies. In order to explain the importance of various policies for reduce the confliction between Aboriginal communities and health and social care professionals, author adopted recent health statues and professional roles in the content of cross-cultural community to demonstrate the difficulties in achieving the best practice through opportunities and how to bypass the implications and barriers.
Meanwhile, he also listed the most critical issues in different stages of culture-generic competencies in order to improve the understanding of simular issues in diverse culture and identify the reasons for contributing the nursing knowledge and education to improve the health and social care outcome.
Choose Type of service.The Australian and American Senates: A Comparison This paper is Dr Bach's analysis of the major differences between the Australian and US upper houses. In Dr Bach was awarded a Fulbright Senior Scholar Award to study bicameralism in Australia.
Stanley Bach Consultant, Politics and Public Administration Group 10 February Steffen Ganghof, Sebastian Eppner, and Alexander Pörschke, ‘Australian bicameralism as semi-parliamentarism: patterns of majority formation in 29 democracies’, Australian Journal of Political Science, 53 Essay Preparation and Course Discussion.
No required readings. Students should consider any questions and/or issues relating to the. The bicameral Parliament of Australia consists of two Houses, the lower house is called the House of Representatives and the upper house is named the Senate. Bicameral representation ‘If a second chamber dissents from the first, Uhr notes that the Australian Senate’s powers are remarkable and unlike that of any other upper house in a Westminster-derived parliament.
 Advocates of bicameralism stress the review role of upper house. Australias bicameral system of government originates to times of the Federation of the six colonies of Australia.
3 pages, words The Essay on Exploring The .
This is a list of political topics, including political science terms, political philosophies, political issues, etc. Politics is the process by which groups of people make decisions.
Although the term is generally applied to behavior within civil governments, politics is observed in all human group interactions, including corporate, academic, and religious institutions.