Tony Cartalucci - Just a Lousy Journalist? His writing focuses on the International dimension; the foreign interference in Thailand.
Initiated by President George W. The DHS incorporates several dozen offices and agencies, many of them previously assigned to other departments and some entirely new.
They include the U. These and many other bureaus would be placed under, or work in tandem with, one of the five DHS directorates—Border and Transportation Security, Emergency Preparedness and Response, Science and TechnologyInformation Analysis and Infrastructure Protection, and Management—to fulfill the greater DHS mission of preventing, mitigating, and protecting against terrorism on U.
Civil Defense and Homeland Security Prior to September 11,what Americans now refer to as "homeland security"—protection of the nation, its people, its land, and its resources from attack—bore a different name: The civil defense concept had its origins in World War IIwhen Americans organized local groups to prepare for and protect against the threat of Axis attack on American shores.
This concept carried over into the Cold Warwith a few changes; the enemy was now the Soviet Unionand the threat had the dimensions of nuclear annihilation. In the early s, the heyday of Cold War civil defense efforts, some American families built bomb shelters, and students practiced "duck and cover" maneuvers that would supposedly protect them in the event of a nuclear attack.
A decade later, however, with the Cuban Missile Crisis relegated to history and a new era of U. The end of the Cold War brought with it new dangers. The enemy was no longer the Soviet Uniona superpower with fairly predictable aims not entirely different from those of the United States.
Instead, America faced terrorists whose motives were based upon political and religious zealotry with little regard for international laws, and were therefore more difficult to predict. The reality of the twenty-first century security environment manifested itself on the morning of September 11, The order gave the office's director the title of Assistant to the President for Homeland Security, nomenclature that harkened to the official title of the National Security Advisor—thus highlighting the importance of the homeland security chief.
For the new position, Bush chose former Pennsylvania governor Tom Ridge, who was approved by the Senate in January Meanwhile, in NovemberCongress passed the Homeland Security Act, legislation creating a permanent Cabinet-level department. Most agencies scheduled for transfer to the new department were officially moved in a special March 1,ceremony attended by the President.
In his initial proposal for the creation of DHS, President Bush noted that at that time, there were some government agencies involved in emergency response. DHS would greatly streamline those activities; but before that could happen, a great deal of restructuring would have to occur.
The creation of DHS was the most fundamental change in the structure of government since the passage of the National Security Act, which created the Department of Defense in With these would comegovernment employees, ranging from the men and women of the Coast Guard and Secret Service, to plant and animal health inspectors and computer security specialists.
In pursuing this mission, DHS works through its five directorates. In order to create these directorates, DHS established some new offices, but much of its framework came from existing ones, listed by the department from which they came: Health and Human Services: By far the largest component of DHS is the Directorate of Border and Transportation Security BTSwhich is responsible for maintaining the security of the nation's borders and transportation systems.
Like the other directorates of DHS, it is overseen by an undersecretary of homeland security. EPR is charged with ensuring that the nation is prepared for and able to recover from both terrorist attacks and natural disasters.
Information Analysis and Infrastructure Protection IAIP is the directorate concerned with the nation's critical infrastructure, particularly the computer systems that serve as the brain center for a modern industrialized superpower.
IAIP brings together a number of specialists capable of identifying and assessing current and future threats to the homeland.
Finally, the smallest and least visible directorate is Management, which is concerned with DHS internal affairs, including budget and personnel issues. In addition to the directorates, DHS includes a number of agencies that, while in some cases associated with specific directorates, nevertheless have an independent existence.This article will bring to light how this strategy of stealth deregulation was pursued in the administrative branch under George W.
Bush. It is a story of devious appointments, slashed budgets, weakened rules, and relaxed enforcement. A decade ago, many border Texans got a raw deal when the federal government seized land for a barrier — while others pushed up the price.
Will the government's rushed, haphazard process be. Tony Cartalucci - Just a Lousy Journalist?. 18 th April London. Tony Cartalucci.
Tony Cartalucci has written prolifically on the political turmoil in Thailand. His writing focuses on the International dimension; the foreign interference in Thailand. Post Politics from The Washington Post is the source for political news headlines, in-depth politics coverage and political opinion, plus breaking news on the Obama administration and White House.
A reminder of the order of succession: 1. Vice President of the United States Secretary of Agriculture. Secretary of Labor. George H.W. Bush and George W. Bush. Utah: Secretary of the. Debt is an efficient tool. It ensures access to other peoples’ raw materials and infrastructure on the cheapest possible terms.
Dozens of countries must compete for shrinking export markets and can export only a limited range of products because of Northern protectionism and their lack of cash to invest in diversification.