The fur trading industry played a major role in the development of the United States and Canada for more than years. The Indians traded furs for such goods as tools and weapons. Beaver fur, which was used in Europe to make felt hats, became the most valuable of these furs.
All along the Atlantic Coast, almost immediately after the first settlements, discoveries were made of silver, lead, copper, iron, tin, antimony, coal, and other valuable minerals; but, they were found generally in small quantities; and, in competition with foreign production, the working of mines was frequently found unprofitable.
An Indian massacre two years later; however, put a discouraging end to the proceedings. A shipload of the glittering dust was sent to England, and there, pronounced to be nothing but iron pyrites.
However, the plucky colonists persevered in spite of all depressions and obstacles, and made very creditable beginnings. Penn had discovered iron as early as ; but no forges are mentioned on his grants earlier than Copper mining is first heard of in Connecticut, the Simsbury mines being worked as early as ; but they were abandoned as unprofitable about the middle of that century.
The Schuyler Mine, near Belleville, New Jersey, was discovered inand is historic as the scene of the building of the first steam-engine in America in Lake Superior copper was first mined by the whites inand in small quantities. In the early colonial days the settlers used wood for fuel, and charcoal for the forge and smelting-works.
Coal, however, was found in Rhode Island inand mined for use. The great bituminous seam near Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania was struck in Previous to this time coal, was found in quantities in Virginia; and canals were cut, connecting parallel rivers to facilitate its transportation.
Byquite an export trade with adjacent colonies had been built up. Smelting works and forges were erected to reduce the ores, some of which, were exported. The home government discouraged the manufacture of metals in this country, though, at that period; which was a damper upon From these humble beginnings, slow advances were made for several decades.
In attempts were made to mix anthracite coal with charcoal in iron smelting, but the experiment was not successful untilwhen the hot-blast was invented; then both the coal and iron industry took a tremendous start. Click for prints products and downloads.
Copper mining was revived along Lake Superior aboutand made a sudden jump. A review of the history of mining during this important period shows that our operations have been characterized by intense excitement and magnified speculative speculation, by gross blunders and by great waste.
The hopes of but few out of many would be realized; disappointment and ruin ensued; and not only were poverty, sickness, and death often the result, but whole towns of the mushroom type have been almost as suddenly wiped out of existence. Eldorado County, CA Miners In this mad rush of greed and excitement, other blunders besides those of investing in unprofitable lands were made.
Furnaces for smelting were located without due regard for getting fuel; costly machinery for crushing ore was bought and forwarded to the scene of action, without knowing whether ore would be found at all, or whether the apparatus was suited to the kind of ore discovered; new processes for extracting metal were resorted to, without reliable information as to their value; and other such ruinous mistakes were committed by frenzied speculators.
There was also an enormous waste of valuable minerals in consequence of this same impetuous desire for wealth. In the lead regions of the Mississippi Valley, argentiferous galena was quite common, and often the lead was entirely wasted in the extraction of the little silver.
In the coal regions, especially before the organization of the large companies and their combination in monopoly, only the richer measures would be worked, leaving a large quantity of inferior, yet valuable coal on higher levels to be lost by caving.
Such recklessness in handling was practiced, that from a third to a half of the product was lost. The same state of things was found in the silver country. Mines were neglected as soon as the rich surface deposits were procured, and the accumulation of water and rubbish made it next to impossible to work what were really paying shafts.
But, by the latter half of the 19th century, a reaction set in in these regards and the extravagances steadily began to decline. There has been a protective tariff, too, on foreign metals at times, the heaviest having been since ; and this has greatly promoted the development of our iron, copper, coal, and other minerals.
The article first appeared in a book written by Albert S.United States of America; Apollo 11 in the orbit Puerto Ricans; United States portal: The technological and industrial history of the United States describes the United States of the Cotton Gin by American Eli Whitney made cotton potentially a cheap and readily available resource in the United States for use in the new textile industry.
FICA Facts. The fur industry is one of North America’s oldest and most historically significant industries, supporting thousands of jobs. Fur remains a plentiful, renewable natural resource and a highly desirable consumer product.
THE HISTORY OF WOOL Fact Sheet Like human civilization, the story of wool begins in Asia Minor during the now Mexico and the southwestern United States. Navajo and other Southwest Despite the fact that England tried to discourage a wool industry in North America, a few smuggled sheep had multiplied to about , by The economic history of the United States began with American settlements in the 17th and 18th centuries.
The American colonies went from marginally successful colonial economies to a small, independent farming economy, which in became the United States of vetconnexx.com: $ trillion ( est.). The fashion industry is a global industry, where fashion designers, manufacturers, merchandisers, and retailers from all over the world collaborate to design, manufacture, and .
Fur remains a plentiful, renewable natural resource and a highly desirable consumer product. What is the Fur Information Council of America? The Fur Information Council of America (FICA) is the largest fur industry association representing fur retailers and manufacturers across the country who collectively account for over 80% of U.S.